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Sheep Breeds—loosely grouped by wool types

Fine Wool

Merino

Delaine Merino

Rambouillet   requires careful preparation

Debouillet   good for the softest, "next to the skin" garments

Booroola Merino

Cormo

Medium Wool

Suffolk

Dorset

Oxford

Hampshire

Shropshire

Southdown

Jacob

Clun Forest   good beginner fleeces

Tunis   used most often for mittens, hats,

Finnish Landrace (Finnsheep)   sweaters, gloves and jackets

Polworth

Perendale

Navajo Churro

Shetland

(those listed below are also known as Crossbreed)

Columbia

Panama

Romeldale

Targhee

Corriedale

Montadale

Longwool

Romney

Lincoln

Cotswold

Leicester

Blue-Faced Leicester

Border Leicester   good for outer garments

Coopworth   lend themselves to worsted yarns

Lincoln Longwool

Teeswater

Wensleydale

Coarsewool/mountain

Karakul

Cheviot

Scottish Blackface

Welsh Mountain   used for hardwearing fabrics and rugs

Black Welsh Mountain

Rough Fell

Swaledale

Recommended Wools For Specific Yarns

(Remember, these are just recommendations, not rules set in stone!)

For soft yarn,

Fine: Merino, Southdown, fine Romney, Corriedale,Shetland

Medium: Corriedale, Perendale, Romney, Shetland

For thick, bulky yarn: Cheviot, Perendale, Southdown, or fine Romney

For shiny yarn: long-stapled lustrous breeds such as Leicester, Coopworth, or Romney

For dull yarn: Cheviot, Southdown.

For hard yarn: Lincoln, Leicester, Coopworth, strong Romney.

For smooth yarn: long-stapled fleece from Romney, Leicester, or Coopworth.

 

Bibliography

Simmons, Paula. Turning Wool Into a Cottage Industry, Seattle, WA: Madrona Publishers, Inc., 1985.

Raven, Lee. Hands On Spinning, Loveland, Co: Interweave Press, 1987.

Brown, Rachel. The Weaving, Spinning, and Dyeing Book, New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

Field, Anne. The Ashford Book of Spinning, New Zealand.

 

© 2000 Andrea Mielke, 

Mielke’s Fiber Arts, LLC, N4826 21st Avenue, Mauston, WI 53948  (608) 350-0600

The URL for this page is  http://www.mielkesfiberarts.com/types_of_wool.htm 

 

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Mielke's Fiber Arts, LLC        N4826 21st Avenue, Mauston, WI 53948      (608) 350-0600


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Last modified: April 23, 2014